Nepal, a tiny country, nestled in the Himalayas between India and China, is one of the most diverse and fascinating countries in the world. Covering an area of only 147,181 sq. km, Nepal encompasses the world‟s highest mountains and the deepest valleys as well as low elevation rain forest. Although the width of the country is only 200 km North to South, Nepal has the highest altitude variation of any country on earth, from 59 m above sea level to 8848 m above sea level (top of Everest).
The country is divided in to 3 elevation Zones viz. the low Terrain, the Mid hill region and the High Himalayas, which contains 1/3 of the Himalayan range with 9 of the world‟s highest mountains. This wide diversity of land form gives Nepal an incredible wealth of flora and fauna.
Nepal is not only famous for its landscape but also renowned for the friendliness of its people. The people of Nepal are as variable and intriguing as the country‟s geography. There are more than 37 ethnic groups with their own language and culture. Hinduism is the official religion, which the majority of the people practice. Many people throughout the country are Buddhist and the two religions have co-existed in harmony over the ages. A small number of people practice Christianity and Islam.
Nepal at a glance
Longitude: 26’12’ and 30’27’ No
Latitude: 80 degree 4′ and 88 degree 12′ East
Population: 24 million
Area: 147,181 sq. km.